Attachment security has many salutary effects in adulthood, yet little is known about the specific interpersonal processes that increase attachment security over time. Data from 184 gay men and lesbians on their experiences with aggressive and controlling behaviors within same-sex relationships was used to identify categories consistent with Johnson's typology. He has been president of three scientific societies, and received numerous honors, such as the American Professional Society on Child Abuse award for research contributions. In an experiment, 118 Midwestern United States college students read a marital conflict in which the husband perpetrated high levels of psychological abuse. Steps for judicial reform are proposed.
Consistent with other adolescent dating violence studies, both boys and girls report being victims and perpetrators of dating violence. Need satisfaction was more strongly affected by the partner's presence vs. In both experiments participants rated themselves, the best friend, and the average other—or their own romantic relationships, the best friend's relationship, and the relationship of the average other—using scales measuring positivity of evaluation, optimism regarding the future, and perceptions of control. Straus is Professor of Sociology and Codirector of the Family Research Laboratory at the University of New Hampshire. Insecure individuals thus have unique relational priorities, which may direct their romantic judgments and decisions.
Growth curve analytic techniques were used in 2 longitudinal studies to create 4 predictors: each participant's initial level of satisfaction, linear trend in satisfaction over time, degree of fluctuation in satisfaction over time, and mean level of satisfaction. These data demonstrated the presence of patterns of control and violence consistent with categories originally identified in heterosexual couples. Wolf Endowed Professor and Associate Dean for Doctoral Education Programs and Research at Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, with a joint appointment in the School of Hygiene and Public Health. It considers the merits of responding to this societal problem from a psychological perspective, and understanding the role of individual factors in its etiology. A brief look on someone's photograph reveals surprisingly significant information about someone, such as interest in children Roney et al. For university students in the 32 nation International Dating Violence Study, the median alpha for women is. We then report on our national study on police training manuals in 16 states with so-called dominant aggressor laws.
The book proceeds on two conceptualizations of violence: 1 common couple violence such as hitting, pushing, or shoving, and 2 severe forms of assault that lead to physical injury and even death. Partner aggression negatively affects well-being in ways that the people experiencing aggression may not expect. Consistent with past research, hierarchical regression showed emotional self-regulation and empathy were negatively and uniquely predictive of four self-reported aggressive tendencies: physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger, and hostility. Although they are distinct, clearly all of these forms are found in situations of war and armed conflict. This article takes a critical look at the logic, assumptions, arguments, examples, interpretations, and conclusions, presented in Hamby's article, and in some cases disagrees with them. The research is based on a structured, self-reported anonymous questionnaire answered by 240 participants.
Masculine aggressors were more likely to be perceived as having threatened bodily injury and as having initiated the assault compared to feminine aggressors. Implementation intentions increased parent-teacher communication among parents with higher initial pre-manipulation goal intentions, but not among those with lower initial goal intentions. Data were collected in schools using self-administered questionnaires. This chapter provides a contemporary interdependence theory account of the causes and consequences of relationship interactions. These findings underscore the importance of screening gambling help-seeking clients for family violence, and the development of prevention and treatment programmes to address violence in this population, with particular attention to affected others and women gamblers.
This research examined how norms, relationship experiences, and commitment predict personal standards for judging aggressive acts by a partner. Sussman Family Scholar, and was honored in 1997 by the University of Georgia with a Creative Research Medal. Partner violence causes many negative outcomes for the target of the violence. Therefore, the theoretical stance taken is of important issue as it impacts greatly on how the problem is perceived and responded to by professionals and society as a whole. Participant sex and sexism did not moderate this gender-based perception.
This study recruited 10 participants 8 females, 2 males from the United Kingdom. Both studies also provided suggestive evidence that long-term orientation is a particularly important component of commitment in dating relationships. It is directed primarily against older women and has been the least frequently reported form of abuse. Reich in preparing for and holding the successful conference, and the assistance of Douglas Wiegard and Chris Agnew in preparing this volume. Copyright © 1999 by Sage Publications, Inc. Community activities include special services for adolescents in violent relationships and community service provider training.
As expected, when the victim was nontraditional or she reacted negatively to the abuse e. What determines whether people tolerate partner aggression? Recognition of the magnitude of public health issue has resulted in many societal efforts to prevent and reduce it including the development of laws, policies, specific services, and assessment and intervention strategies with both victims and perpetrators. He is also examining the relationship between husband aggression and the men's physiological reactivity during a marital conflict interaction. A recommended forensic assessment protocol and summary for judicial consideration are presented. Both parts may work in tandem. Commitment has often been used to examine why individuals unjustifiably persist in relationships that are lacking in or devoid of satisfaction.