Econometric training was introduced and understanding of how the economy worked improved. Yet there is also a less gloomy conclusion. Talk is cheap while consequential action is very costly. In reality, however, no major changes were necessary and needed to occur. Unlikely Partners recounts the story of how Chinese politicians and intellectuals looked beyond their country's borders for economic guidance at a key crossroads in the nation's tumultuous twentieth century. Following the rise of the Chinese economy, interest in the official statistics coming from China is intensifying. In Unlikely Partners: Chinese Reformers, Western Economics and the Making of Global China, Julian Gewirtz brings the interactions of western economists and Chinese reformers to life.
But voices for openness have ultimately prevailed. I also have a clear memory of the teacher in my primary school expressing his longing for the life of a teacher in Shenzhen who had a much higher salary about 110 dollars per month , and his disdain mixed with complex feelings about what that teacher taught the students: studying for the purpose of earning money and marrying a beautiful wife, a personal life goal that valued money over the welfare of others. Unlikely Partners: Chinese Reformers, Western Economists and the Making of Global China. A critical point is that Chinese reformers learnt that they should not copy from western economics or models indiscriminately. It is often helpful to read both types of textbooks since their writing styles differ a lot, with western texts more concrete and Chinese ones more abstract.
Chinese economists partnered with an array of brilliant thinkers, including Nobel Prize winners, World Bank officials, battle-scarred veterans of Eastern Europe's economic struggles, and blunt-speaking free-market fundamentalists. Since practice was set to be the criterion of truth, knowing how to develop demanded seeing how development works. The losers will fight to avoid loss. Besides this, the deeper roots of the interactions during 1976-93 and their subsequent development could enrich further study. Rosemary Deller for her edit.
According to the book, Chinese decision-makers and economists learnt from socialist countries such as Yugoslavia and Romania. Chinese decision-makers not only learnt to develop from western economists and experiences, but also from those in Asia, such as the four Asian tigers Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea and Hong Kong and Japan though the intellectual interactions with the latter were much less systematic compared with Eastern European and Western capitalist countries. Outline of the role of Western economists in Chinese economic reform. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Chinese was subjected to a broad range of indignities due to colonial pressures from the European powers, Russia, and Japan. Julian Gewirtz offers a dramatic tale of competition for influence between reformers and hardline conservatives during the Deng Xiaoping era, bringing to light China's productive exchanges with the West. It is often helpful to read both types of textbooks since their writing styles differ a lot, with western texts more concrete and Chinese ones more abstract. Some Chinese economists also wrote textbooks to introduce western economics, such as and by Gao Hongye.
Some have been in contact with China and active in conferences, seminars and classes. Tiananmen was the downfall for key reformers Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang, the latter of whom had earlier stepped up his interactions with the West. Should the change be based on the existing system or a new one? In some cases the impact was immediate. Besides the interactions depicted in the book e. Instead, these needed to be adapted to Chinese situations.
It is a process of liberal idea diffusion from the West to the East: a process for the West to transfer macro-economic policy to the East and also a process for the East to learn policies from the West. Mao's Utopianism saw China as one continuous mass movement of revolutionary fervor. To the immediate Communist past can be added the longer term colonialist past. General contact details of provider:. How did China figure a way through these clashing ideas according to the book? The story is told in detail. Chinese decision-makers not only learnt to develop from western economists and experiences, but also from those in Asia, such as the four Asian tigers Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea and Hong Kong and Japan though the intellectual interactions with the latter were much less systematic compared with Eastern European and Western capitalist countries. Price reform or enterprise reform had been the focus of debate.
In all, Unlikely Partners examines the impact of western economists on China by documenting the interactions of western economists and Chinese reformers during 1976-93 when China eagerly sought to change its poverty status. He is able to make use of a variety of official and unofficial reports and this helps him to elucidate the roles of all the major individuals involved in the story, including some, like Zhao Ziyang, who were purged after the Tiananmen Square crackdown after 1989. During the development by learning and trying process, how to maintain stability had been a headache for Chinese reformers. Should China indiscriminately mimic western economies or selectively imitate them? A base bibliográfica foi o livro organizado por estes economistas intitulado: Trajetórias Recentes do Desenvolvimento. American professors came for weeks at a time to teach econometrics. Reform needed to become taken for granted by policy makers. You can help correct errors and omissions.
To smooth the adaptation, new concepts were created to fill the theoretical gap as to how China, as a socialist country, could develop its economy influenced by foreign knowledge. According to the book, Chinese decision-makers and economists learnt from socialist countries such as Yugoslavia and Romania. Western economics have contributed to the development of China as a socialist country. European and North American economists also helped China to increase levels of technical sophistication, such as through econometrics, to the benefit of both sides. More often, the impact was diffuse.
Ota Sik, from Czechoslovakia, inspired a phased-in pricing strategy in the early 1980s, whereby China gave enterprises ever more control over setting prices. For instance, the influence of the western economists as supervisors when Chinese intellectuals or Chinese reformers were studying abroad could be explored. The intellectual breadth of Chinese reformers in those early years was remarkably broad as they sought input from Nobel Prize winning economists, World Bank officials, free market fundamentalists, and an unlikely array of other partners. Western economics were introduced into China. In Unlikely Partners: Chinese Reformers, Western Economics and the Making of Global China, Julian Gewirtz brings the interactions of western economists and Chinese reformers to life. Gewirtz tries hard to balance his focus with the broader context of geopolitics and economics at the time and generally succeeds.