Shaft sinking for the extraction of minerals has taken place for centuries, and for much of this time, coal mining was carried out in the North East of England. Coalfields throughout Britain started to use steam-powered pumps from the early part of the 19th Century, and the Northumberland and Durham coalfield was one of the first to recognise the advantage this would give them. Yet, according to author Peter Ford Mason, their story has not got the coverage it deserves. And if their roots go back to near Wallsend or Longbenton then it's almost nailed on at some stage one of your descendants was a pit sinker. Coal is then mined and once operations are finished, the void is re-filled with the sub-spoil and top soil. Readers will have noted that Peter's surname takes pride of place on the list of pit sinkers and, sure enough, his great-grandfather James Mason, born just down the road from Wallsend in Walker, Newcastle, was one. Newcastle and the collieries along the banks of the River Tyne had a tradition of exporting coal to London.
Monday, August 13th, 2012 Peter Ford Mason To be published 20th August 2012, £12. It happened after a beam of the pumping engine that kept the pit clear of water broke in two and 20 tons of cast iron plunged down the shaft, blocking the only way out. They would often have to sit in the draft of the doors, cold, damp and very frightened, with little or no light for 12 hours a day. How James came to the region is like a microcosm of the early 19th Century history of Britain and Ireland. Following the invention of steam engines, sinkers were quick to use them in coal mining, and these innovations were to benefit many engineering developments. Pit sinkers were highly skilled and very brave workers. Another historical footnote is that the sinkers often used the stone they removed to build rows of cottages for themselves, hence the proliferation of the street names of Stone Row and Sinkers Row.
George Stephenson demonstrated his modified safety lamp to its members in 1815. In all, 204 men and boys perished. Shaft sinking for the extraction of minerals has taken place for centuries, and for much of this time, coal mining was carried out in the North East of England. The society also attracted to its early meetings the well-respected mining engineers John Buddle and Nicholas Woods, as well as civil engineer William Fairbairn, friend of Robert Stephenson, who began his career as an engine apprentice at Percy Main Colliery near Newcastle. James's son Alexander - Peter's grandfather - was a hewer born at Boldon Colliery and next in line came his father William, who was born at Quebec near Esh Winning in County Durham. · Delves into the lives of pit sinkers and their families, including the family of George Stephenson, renowned for his contribution to the British Rail industry and the man who invented the first safety lamp used in the mine; the Geordie lamp. It took over from Cornwall in terms of cutting-edge technology and shaft sinking.
Descended from three generations of County Durham miners, author Peter Ford Mason delves into the lives of these sinkers and the industry as a whole in this compelling study. And that expertise was not just in demand in the North East coal fields but almost the whole of Britain. Peter Ford Mason, descended from three generations of County Durham miners, has written a fascinating investigation onto miming society, which makes a compelling read for anyone interested in the social history of the North East or the mining industry as a whole. Another is revealed in his name. The only place they weren't was Cornwall where traditionally they already had their own techniques. Newcastle and the collieries along the banks of the River Tyen had a tradition of exporting coal to London.
Author: Peter Ford Mason Publisher: Stroud : The History Press, 2012. Many of these images are previously unpublished. . Following the invention of steam engines, sinkers were quick to use them in coal mining, and these innovations were to benefit many engineering developments. Records show that, for example, in Elizabethan Tynemouth there were a number of small mines in town-fields.
Miners had always lived in close communities, and this was. By keeping the fresh air flowing they prevented the build-up of dangerous gases. At that time the Germans were considered the finest miners and were at the cutting edge of technology thanks to the techniques catalogued by Georgius Agricola, the so-called 'Father of Mining'. And there is perhaps more to link him to Master Pit Sinker James Mason, for while he didn't work down the mine, he became a civil engineer - a skill with its roots in the Industrial Revolution. They were also often required to pay for tools.
· Includes 60 black and white photographs depicting all aspects of a coal miners life. It took several days of heroic effort by rescue teams with pit sinkers in the vanguard to reach the entombed men and boys - but to no avail as all were dead. He wanted to detail the vital role miners played in securing the workers. In the close mining communities of Northumberland and Durham, those who dug the initial shafts, the sinkers themselves, were regarded as the mining elite. However with deeper mines, explosive gases were to cause the death and injury of many miners. In the close mining communities of Northumberland and Durham, those who dug the initial shafts, the sinkers themselves, were regarded as the mining elite. · Details the essential role sinkers played in the development of canals, railways and coaling mining during the industrial revolution.
This region has always had a thriving interest in applied science, as shown by the From 21 formation in 1793 of the Newcastle Literary and Philosophical Society, well patronised by mining officials. Shaft sinking for the extraction of minerals has taken place for centuries. Digging deep into the past; The pit sinkers were part of a mining elite who did the most dangerous job in the most dangerous of industries. They had to deal with constant surges of water and at first used different forms of lining to keep it back, but this was only adequate up to a certain point. Looking at the enormous upheaval and technological developments over the years as well as the lives of the miners and their families, this evocative story delves into the mining society as a whole; a unique glimpse into the lives of those most affect by the industry.