In Brown's novel the thesis is that the Holy Grail really refers to Mary Magdalene, who was actually married to Jesus Christ and who escaped, pregnant, after the crucifixion of Christ and somehow got to France, where her child was born and went on to have descendants, the latest of whom turns out to be a main character in the novel and the movie. Wherever you turn, pillars and symbols remind one of the pres- ence of the Great Goddess. But it was now only as a secondary deity, described as the consort or mother of more powerful male gods. There was a male consort who co -ruled with her. We now know that agriculture — the domestication of wild plants as well as animals — dates back much earlier than previously believed.
In the city-states of Crete, legendary for their wealth, superb arts and crafts, and flourishing trade, it is notable that new technologies, and with them a larger and more complex scale of social organization including increasing spe- cialization, did not bring about any deterioration in the status of women. As we have seen, it is this matter of spirit that sets Crete apart from the other high civilizations of its time. Still, one may ask, if the shift from a partnership to a dominator society ushered in a later period in our species' history, does this not mean that a dominator system is, after all, an evolutionary step up? In essence, the search of so many people today for the mystical wisdom of an earlier time is the search for the kind of spirituality characteristic of a partnership rather than a dominator society. This work is directly relevant to prehistoric times because for most of the millennia of our earliest cultural evolution our species lived in groups. Mas para fazê-lo com sucesso 3 coisas sao necessárias: percebermos o feedback, interpreta-lo corretamente e sermos capazes de mudar. Many of these inconsistencies are obvious clues to the still ongoing conflict between the old reality, which lingered in the people's culture, and the newer realities the priestly ruling class was trying to impose. So I recommend it based on the holes it punches in many of our most taken for granted beliefs on historic and prehistoric mankind, but don't put too The first 66% of this book is fantastic-- a well-researched and developed argument that we must view our notions of anthropology and history with an extremely critical eye.
What it takes to change them has been Eisler's life work since she wrote Chalice. The one thing they all had in common was a dominator model of social organization: a social system in which male dominance, male violence, and a generally hierarchic and authoritarian social structure was the norm. We have the technology to feed, clothe, and house people, but as long as we surrender to the dominator model, resources will continue to be concentrated in the hands of the few while the many suffer from need and lack. But they used them for orna- mental and religious purposes and for the manufacture of tools. But what course should we take? She was almost the church leader. The Chalice and the Blade tells a new story of our cultural origins.
Some consider this book to have a feminist agenda but I found she showed equality and harmony between the genders. Further verifying that there were ancient societies organized very differently from ours are the many otherwise inexplicable images of the Deity as female in ancient art, myth, and even historical writings. For every system has its own characteristic replicative information, which forms, expands, and holds systems together. But it is precisely because the world we have known is changing so rapidly that more and more people over ever larger parts of this world are able to see that there are other alternatives. For a long time this was also true of what is probably the best- known Greek myth about an earlier and better time: the legend of Atlantis, where, according to Plato, there once flourished a great and noble civilization that was engulfed by the sea. As the Egyptian Goddess Nut, she is the flowing unity of celestial primordial waters.
To these agricultural peoples, en- joying humanity s early peak of evolution, peace and prosperity must have seemed the blessed eternal state for humankind, the nomads no more than a peripheral novelty. Moreover, we read in Aeschylus that at this holiest of shrines the Goddess was revered as the primeval prophetess. The Chalice and the Blade and I also owe an enormous debt of gratitude to Ashley Montagu, who put aside completion of two of his own books to go over this book line by line and note by note. Because we are not accustomed to look at history in terms of a dominator or partnership model of society that shapes our past, pres- ent, and future, it is difficult for us to see the profound effect these two models have had on our cultural evolution. The story of Cretan civilization begins around 6000 b. At a time when the lethal power of the Blade — amplified a millionfold by megatons of nuclear warheads — threatens to put an end to all human culture, the new findings about both ancient and modern history re- ported in The Chalice and the Blade do not merely provide a new chapter in the story of our past.
However, our cultural evolution, which directs the uses we make of greater technological and social com- plexity, is radically different for each model. Unfortunately, the last third of the book leaves all that behind, and becomes a flight of fantasy as it describes what society might be like if based on a more egalitarian method. In any event, in evolutionary terms the span of human cultural evolution is far too short to make any such judgment. When the Earth was bountiful. This interdisciplinary approach characterizing more re- cent digs like Mellaart's at Catal Huyuk is yielding much more accurate understanding of our prehistory. For example, when Sir Flinders Petrie first reported on the exca- vations of the tomb of Meryet-Nit in Egypt, he automatically assumed Meryet-Nit was a king.
In so doing she has shown that a belief system linked all together. For here there was no separation between the secular and the sacred. A book with obvious wear. But more often the conflict between the old and new is less obvious. In the Americas, she is the Lady of the Serpent Skirt— of interest also because, as in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia, the serpent is one of her primary manifestations.
This is that one of the best-kept historical secrets is that practically all the material and social technologies fun- damental to civilization were developed before the imposition of a dom- inator society. Cretan society became more centralized. After millennia of upward movement in our technological, social, and cultural evolution, an ominous split was now underway. Psychologists have recently made us aware that stress has very negative results for community life. Masses of people are massacred, enslaved, or put to flight.