Admit records described patients with both social problems and mental illnesses. Kathleen Jones puts this professional history into the context of the larger culture of age, class, and gender conflict. Now Available: The extends the founding mission of James Loeb with an interconnected, fully searchable, perpetually growing virtual library of all that is important in Greek and Latin literature. This prevailing characterization of a good child generated its opposite: the troublesome child. In the end, child guidance became a framework for the ordering of age relationships as well as a symbol of the ambiguity of psychiatric authority. While these effects were temporary, the drugs produced pronounced changes in behavior.
During the first week, the children were not administered any drugs. A first-rate contribution to the field. According to Jones, child guidance clinics were initially used mainly as arms of the juvenile justice system and consequently were aimed primarily at the misconduct of working-class youngsters. These reformers, having inaugurated the juvenile court movement ten years earlier, wanted Healy to provide the new court with assessments of troublesome repeat offenders. During the 1920s and 1930s the parents of these nondelinquent adolescents learned about the teachings of child guidance through child-rearing manuals, popular magazines, and government publications, and William Healy contributed to all these venues.
The 1940s witnessed an assertive church response to the health and welfare problems associated with the exigencies of the Second World War through its provision of voluntary social services. When our children act up--whether they're just moody and rebellious or taking drugs and committing crimes--our solution, so often now, is to send them to a psychiatrist or developmental psychologist for help. Boston: The President and Fellows of Harvard College; 1999. She also revises the standard periodization, arguing that both the theoretical framework and institutional model for child guidance were in place well before 1922, when the Commonwealth Fund started its delinquency prevention program and the child guidance movement officially began. Taming the Troublesome Child is well written, minutely detailed, and scholarly in execution. This conclusion followed his model of misbehavior as both social maladjustment and organic disease.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. Delinquents and Criminals, Their Making and Unmaking: Studies in Two American Cities. Not Just Naughty: 50 Years of Stimulant Drug Advertising. The Behavior of Children Receiving Benzedrine. Practice parameter for the use of stimulant medications in the treatment of children, adolescents, and adults. Furthermore, since the effect was not limited to any one type of behavior problem, a wide range of children could potentially benefit from the medication. She then goes on to.
Much of the book reads, moreover, like a constructionist treatise in social problem development, as claimsmakers endeavored to typify their particular versions of the problem child. This profile could be deduced only through a thorough investigation of the delinquents and their families by a team of medical, psychological, and social-work professionals. Similarly, she reveals the ways in which mothers negotiated the power of child guidance -- in particular, the view held by theorists and clinicians that pathological motherhood was the root cause of all child misbehavior and maladjustment. Her book reveals the uses to which professionals and patients have put this interpretation of juvenile misbehavior, and the conditions that mother-blaming has imposed on social policy and private child rearing to this day. Find new facing-page translations of classic works from the , , , and.
New York: New York University Press; 2008. Bradley emphasized a combined biological and psychological approach to the troubled child. Taming the Troublesome Child: American Families, Child Guidance, and the Limits of Psychiatric Authority. Summary Note: summary text provided by external source. Given this negative view of motherhood, why did women turn to child guidance clinics for advice? In cases where quality institutional care was not possible, drug administration would be an efficient alternative.
The E-mail message field is required. Using the records of Boston's Judge Baker Guidance Center from 1920 to 1945, she looks at the relationships among the social activists, doctors, psychologists, social workers, parents, and young people who met in the child guidance clinic, then follows the clinicians as they adapt delinquency work to the problems of nondelinquent children--an adaptation that often entailed a harsh critique of American mothers. He intended to use these studies to place the effects of Benzedrine within the larger context of treatment of children with psychiatric problems. Drugs temporarily modified the social maladjustment but did not change the fundamental organic disease. Finally, drug therapy had the potential to modify the role both of the institution and the physician in the course of treatment.
Taming the Troublesome Child: American Families, Child Guidance, and the Limits of Psychiatric Authority. By 1930, child guidance began to help individual children whose problems were seen as important only to themselves and their families. Jones's reading of case records also enables her to consider the response to the clinic's authority by the child patients themselves. This finding implied that Benzedrine had the potential to be marketed to a larger audience, which would attract the attention of pharmaceutical companies constantly in search of the next profitable drug. Kindlon New England Journal of Medicine This book forced me to consider American culture and the development of the Child Guidance Movement in the first half of the 20th century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.
The very term guidance suggests something between education and nurture on the one hand, and medical models of treatment and cure, on the other. Ultimately, Bradley concluded that an integrated approach remained superior to treatment. Language: English Copyright: 1999 Please note that the Lexile measures for a small population of books have been recently updated. The Program for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency introduced eight demonstration clinics in cities across the country, which sparked the creation of some forty-two clinics by 1933. See also: Adolescence and Youth; Child Psychology.