The setting is important to understand the theme and the characters. At the age of thirteen she was sent to boarding school in England and never lived permanently in South Africa again, though throughout her life she made a number of extended visits to the country. It could be interpreted, however, that he was unable to cope with the mundane daily routine of being a parish priest - which finally led to his collapse. The diction, however, was transformed from a style to a wholly text. Ultimately, the birth of Andrina's own illegitimate child brings reconciliation with her father.
Joyce was interested and qualified enough in medicine to be able to describe a syphilitic and had definite reasons for doing so. It will always be rediscovered with astonishment and admiration. Another possible interpretation, and one which caused controversy in Joyce's attempts to publish this particular work, is that the boy's relationship with the priest may have been of an abusive nature, the implications of which the boy is ignorant due to his impressionable age. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California. Set in the late 19th Century, the story centers on Andrina, an Afrikaner teenager who is the illegitimate child of a woman now dead and Aalst Vlokman, a minor church official, who has never admitted his paternity. The story starts with the boy contemplating Father Flynn's illness and impending death.
South African writer Pauline Smith 1882-1959 is remembered for works of realistic fiction chronicling life among Afrikaner settlers in the western cape region of South Africa. One analysis of Father Flynn's illness throughout the second version of the story shows that Joyce deliberately implied that Father Flynn had central nervous system syphilis. That night the boy is haunted by images of the priest. The choice of the title is quite curious as the story clearly focuses on the boy's relationship with the dead priest and the sisters Eliza and Nannie seem to be quite marginal to it. It filled me with fear, and yet I longed to be nearer to it. Another thematic understanding one can glean from this quote is based on the ways in which language can be shaped by our subjective projections in the same way a text can. The dialogue then trails off.
Other changes were made to and relationships. Eventually, Marta is humiliated by Redlinghuis who treats her as property, and she dies, with Sukey left trying to comprehend the situation in terms of the Christian meaning of sin and redemption. It may be in one time and place or change through the story. This is, of course, only speculation. Pauline Smith was born on 2 April 1882 in , South Africa, and grew up in the Little Karoo. She died on 29 January 1959 in , England.
New York Herald Tribune Book Review, October 18, 1959. The next day the boy goes to look at the announcement that the priest has died, and then wanders about, further puzzling about his dream and about his relationship with the priest. Through her predicament, Vlokman gains the courage to publicly admit that he is her father and to go in search of her. English Studies in Africa, September 1963. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California. Smith and her sister, Dorothy, enjoyed a happy though isolated childhood and were educated at home until 1895, when they were sent to school in Scotland. The two published versions have essentially the same plot.
During this period she began to write. The priest who has been relieved of his priestly duties has acted as a mentor for the boy in the duties of a. The conversation focuses on the priest and his relationship with the boy. They depict South African life with a truth and a beauty which no writer has so far achieved in the short story form written in Afrikaans. Upon subjective interpretation of the complex text, the boy narrator is seen to have initially admired Father Flynn and looked up to him, and later felt deeply sorry for him and guilty about not having visited him in his last days - all of which the narrator must conceal from his adult environment, where Father Flynn is considered to have been a complete failure, his death is in fact regarded with relief and he is considered to have been a bad example from which the boy must be preserved. Her parents had immigrated to South Africa from England during the 1870s in hopes of relieving symptoms of ill health that plagued Herbert Smith. They view the corpse with Nannie, and then they sit with the sisters Eliza and Nannie.
In the story, an elderly couple—tenant farmers whose rustic, isolated existence has consisted of working relentlessly for their simplest needs—are thrust into the world of modern medicine in a regional hospital and cannot endure the pain of being separated by the regulations of the institution. Common themes are: love, hate, family struggles, politics and social comments, childhood memories and justice. He was the first trained doctor to settle in the area and he traveled widely to treat his patients. One worker is so moved by the boy's spirituality that when the boy dies the worker converts to Christianity and offers to prepare a special grave for the child. In that story, a young boy who is not highly valued by members of his own family has a deep spiritual impact on the African laborers who serve as grave-diggers in the area. Joyce, nevertheless, continued to add more stories to the collection. In his blind desire to acquire water rights from his neighbor, Burgert de Jager offers his daughter Marta to Jan Redlinghuis, who owns the land de Jager wants.
That night the boy and his aunt go to the house of mourning. He is rewarded by the boy's family with a place to stay and the promise of favorable treatment. An encounter with death is usually the first step in the loss of one's childhood innocence, but in this story, it may reflect the loss that has already taken place. Her minor writings appeared in such volumes as The Unknown Pauline Smith: Unpublished and Out-of-Print Stories, Diaries and Other Prose Writings 1993 and Secret Fire: The 1913-14 South African Journal of Pauline Smith 1997 , a result of continuing academic interest in Smith's body of work. Roberts, Sheila, Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 226: South African Writers, Gale Group, 2000. James Joyce: New and Revised Edition, p.