Josep María Reniu, Universitat de Barcelona. The mode of transition shapes internal party rules, specifically candidate selection procedures, which influence the degree of continuity in nascent democratic regimes. It tests whether the governing status of a regional party at the regional level—whether it is governing, and, if so, in which type of cabinet—affects its level of support for a statewide party governing in minority at the national level. Field and Alfonso Botti Eds. En este artículo se describen las estrategias de consolidación fiscal desarrolladas por el Gobierno central de España a partir de 2010 para afrontar la crisis: poner el énfasis en la reducción del gasto, descargar en las comunidades autónomas buena parte de la responsabilidad de realizar los ajustes y permitir el deterioro, por acción u omisión, de algunas de las políticas sociales. The analysis of several cases of retrenchment shows that in times of crisis, even when public opinion is contrary to it, governments decide to undertake cuts in the system. She is an affiliate of the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies at Harvard University.
En esta ocasión, se presta una atención especial a los servicios públicos de tipo administrativo y se incluye el análisis de las opiniones de los ciudadanos hacia los empleados públicos, así como las actitudes de la población en relación con la administración electrónica y el programa de quejas y sugerencias, que fue puesto en marcha en su día por la administración con el objetivo de mejorar la calidad de los servicios que presta. Due to the general change of policy direction in response to the economic and sovereign debt crises toward austerity and adjustment requirements, in the latter half of the second term, however, the Socialist government was forced to undo some of these policies and enact measures that represented welfare state retrenchment. Comparative Politics , 39 1, October , 83-102. However, during those years, social spending was also firmly kept in check by economic policy requirements. In Xavier Coller and Guillermo Cordero Eds.
Democratization , 13 2, April , 205-226. A central premise of this volume and the work on which it is based is that institutions and regime structure have a deep influence on party organization and behavior Samuels and Shugart, 2010a. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics , 21 1 , 121-141. En el artículo se examina la satisfacción de los españoles con tres políticas: educación, sanidad cuyas competencias recaen en las Comunidades Autónomas y pensiones Gobierno central , mediante una encuesta representativa a nivel autonómico. First, it provides a review of the existing literature, with particular emphasis placed on identifying the existing hypotheses on the determinants of candidate selection procedures. Contents List of Tables List of Figures Notes on Contributors Preface and Acknowledgements 1.
Spain has used the consensual and ultimately successful transition to democracy in its public diplomacy efforts. Se estudian el grado y los determinantes de la satisfacción ciudadana con los servicios públicos y las actitudes hacia el gasto público en varios sectores de política. The parliamentary institutions in Spain strengthen all governments, yet in ways that are particularly useful for minority governments. Why Minority Governments Work tackles central questions in political science: how well minority parliamentary governments govern; how they build majorities; and why some perform better than others. Gender Equality Policymaking in Spain 2008-11 : Losing Momentum Celia Valiente 11. Additionally, the evidence indicates that minority governments may also or instead rely on alliances across governmental levels in a multilevel system.
What parties want in Spain and in many other countries must be understood in terms of the multilevel state structure and multilevel nature of party competition. To account for governing capacity, it examines the design of political institutions, the reconcilability of party goals and the contingent partisan bargaining circumstances, all in multilevel, territorial perspective. The Socialist Government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero pp. In Field, Bonnie N, Hamann, Kerstin Eds. She is editor of Spain's 'Second Transition'? Moreover, the goals of Spain's statewide governing parties and regional parties are distinct yet often reconcilable, fostering cooperation during minority governments.
The Relationship between Unions and Zapatero's Government: From Social Pacts to General Strike Kerstin Hamann 8. Student Fellow dissertation research , Spain 1999-2000 , Fulbright Foundation. Politics and Society in Contemporary Spain: From Zapatero to Rajoy. This chapter demonstrates that this assertion is also true for the two terms of Socialist Prime Minister Rodríguez Zapatero 2004-11. Her research interests center on political parties and political institutions in transitional and institutionalized democracies. Spain's heavily decentralized political system with powerful regional governments and a variety of regionally-based parties might appear to exacerbate the challenges of minority government.
Because Chile is routinely characterized as one of the most presidential systems in the world Shugart and Carey, 1992; Siavelis, 2000 it is especially appropriate to analyze the phenomena of the presidentialization of politics and parties in the country. The convergences in attitudes are a result of the common challenges and pressures that Western welfare regimes are experiencing. Routledge forthcoming July 2019 Bucur, C, Field, B. The independence push was not simply a bottom-up process wherein citizens increasingly demanded independence. Introduction: Political Change in Spain, from Zapatero to Rajoy Bonnie N. Houndmills, Basingstoke and New York:.
El Periódico September 30, 2016 Field, B. Field and Alfonso Botti Eds. Spain can boast remarkable accomplishments regarding its transition to democracy and 30 years of democratic governance. A analizar tales lógicas dedicamos la segunda sección de este capítulo. This chapter examines how the national parliamentary institutions affect governing capacity.
In this sense, this chapter follows Samuels and Shugart 2010a to argue that an extraordinarily strong presidential system sets the base for a trend of presidentialization parties. Why Minority Governments Work: Multilevel Territorial Politics in Spain. The Dynamics of Nationalist Movements in Catalonia and the Basque Country pp. While much of the literature focuses on the contentious aspects of statewide and regional party relations, and in the case of coalitions, government instability Brancati 2005 , what is particularly interesting about Spain is the mix of conflict and cooperation across party types. This edited volume examines the political, social, and economic developments in contemporary Spain, with a particular focus on the period of the Socialist government 2008-11 , the 2011 elections, and the challenges facing Spain and the new Popular Party government. One of the most striking differences between contemporary Spanish politics and the transition politics of 30 years ago is the style of interparty relations.
Can the behavior of political actors in business-as-usual conditions be analyzed with the same theoretical framework as decision-making in situations characterized by uncertainty, ambiguity, complexity and urgency? What explains minority government performance? New York: Routledge Field, B. In 2017, Catalonia unilaterally declared independence from Spain. ¿Funcionará el nuevo Gobierno en minoría de Mariano Rajoy?. Her research interests center on political parties and political institutions in transitional and institutionalized democracies in Europe and Latin America. Spanish democracy has survived a number of severe challenges, including an attempted military coup, domestic and Islamist terrorist attacks, political scandals, the disintegration of former governing parties, general strikes against government policies, and multinationalism. Conclusions Alfonso Botti and Bonnie N.