Rather, sugar estate owners resorted to adhoc medical approaches to control the body of 'labour. We classify the reasons in several different categories: epidemiological, sociological, geographical, demographic, technologic, and economic. Additional information was recorded, including authorship, year of publication, journal, journal impact factor, source country, institution of origin, category of article, level of evidence and principal article theme. Increasingly, the explanatory weight has swung in the direction of human agency. In fact, around 70% of traditional wells, 25% of concrete - lined wells and 7% of bore - holes contain faecal coliforms and, then, water unsafe for human consumption.
From United Kingdom to U. Social dislocation and dysfunction were endemic throughout the region and persisted into the next century. By then measles had become a childhood disease that was seldom fatal. She founded the Berry Schools in 1902. Such fears were not without some grounding: 'Europeans in the tropics often expired with speed, frequency and randomness' Kennedy, 1990: 119. We also illustrate how their perspectives may have challenged popular homogenized conceptualizations of interior Africa as a uniformly dangerous place for Europeans and helped to identify a spatially varied pathological geography of the region. The finding that institutions do not explain industrialization but are instead explained by industrialization lends support to the well-received view among prominent economic historians—that institutional changes in 17th and 18th century England did not cause the Industrial Revolution.
By that year, European states, joined by the United States and Japan, had carved out massive new colonial empires that reshaped the globe. Americans are well versed in the art of public mourning. For Europe itself, this was the crucial century of the 'mortality revolution', with its profound influence on European and world demographic history. For data-impoverished historians in search of an understanding of nineteenth-century public health reform, they provide some key institutional chronologies and some somber food for thought. Rather, this paper argues that geographic factors have been turned to once again because they are an indispensable part of explanation, playing a special role that has not been properly understood, a role especially crucial for the explanation of the inherently spatial questions that development studies seek to address. Used books will not include dust jackets.
The states initiated measures to curb malaria mainly in order to safeguard the welfare of the European colonial populations, but fear of the effect the disease could have on the available pool of African labour was another strong motivation for white administrators, settlers and medical officers to combat its spread. During the nineteenth century, however, measles was not so lightly dismissed. . This essay focuses on a comparison of the migration circuits connecting Great Britain and the Netherlands with Asia. For the history of medicine, this was the transitional century between the kind of medicine that had been practiced in Europe since classical times and the kind of scientific medicine that would be spawned by the germ theory of disease.
Human agency has a second meaning as well. The authors also examine the extent to which children with one or more convict parent were disadvantaged compared to those for whom no evidence of convict ancestry could be found. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. For the history of medicine, this was the transitional century between the kind of medicine that had been practiced in Europe since classical times and the kind of scientific medicine that would be spawned by the germ theory of disease. This study, however, has broader implications. Connecting readers with great books since 1972.
Between 1865 and 1924, descriptions of 39,000 discharged prisoners were circulated via the pages of the Tasmanian Police Gazette. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!. This circuit was as much a product of Asian-born as of metropolitan Europeans. First, it examines the activities in Africa of perhaps the leading scientist of his age, Robert Koch. It argues, however, that the challenges have always been transboundary and that the Westphalian state system has never been as strong or as long-lived as envisaged by its critics.
It is the Indian trader, who, penetrating and maintaining himself in all sorts of places to which no white man would go or in which no white man could earn a living, has more than anyone else developed the early beginnings of trade and opened up the first slender means of communications. To understand that experience, the paper traces the social history of radiology's professionalization in the context of rising nationalism and suggests that, through a variety of colonial and independence-era development projects, culturalist discourses about African 'mentalities' were interwoven into technical-medical practice. It was by Indian labour that the one vital railway on which everything else depends was constructed. The politics and finance view, rejects the central role of legal tradition, stressing instead that political factors shape financial development. The top-ranked author published 15 articles among the most cited.
Then, the article identifies in those records several factors complicating reclassification, based on current practice and standards. This section provides an overview of settler colonial history in French Algeria, and explains the political and socio-economic setting from which the repatriate protagonists in this story emerged and out of which they forged a settler colonial Frenchness. The mortality revolution and the tropical world: relocation costs in the early nineteenth century 2. Customer service is our top priority!. In the latter, he demonstrated that the number of Africans who reached the New World during the centuries of the trans-Atlantic slave trade had been highly exaggerated. Demonstrating the broad appeal of the civilizing mission is the story of Ms.